Arabic Gum History
In the Stone Age, at least 70,000 years ago, acacia gum was already used as a food in the Sahara and as an adhesive in Africa. However, in arid land where acacia gum grows, it may have been used for food and non-food applications since ancient times.
Around 4000 BC, Chinese and Japanese used acacia gum in their paintings. Other documented uses of acacia gum indicate that it was used in ancient Egypt around 2650 BC for the preparation of inks, watercolors and dyes. It was a pigment binder for paints used in hieroglyphs and ancient inscriptions and was called "God".
It was also used in cosmetics and foods to quickly apply bandages for mummies. For example, Queen Cleopatra's favorite lipstick is known to have been made from acacia gum and ordered a recipe using it.